Bipolar Disorder: Type, Symptoms, Causes and Diagnosis
People with Bipolar Disorder may have periods where they feel very sad, sluggish, and hopeless, and other periods where they feel highly energized and overhappy. So what about the time in between those periods? Well, in between those periods, they usually feel normal. And these highs and lows can be considered as two poles of moods; that is why it is known as bipolar Disorder.
The term manic refers to the times when a person with bipolar Disorder feels overexcited and confident. Irritability, impulsive decision making, and many more marks as the feelings a person goes through. Around half of the people during the mania phase have hallucinations. Are you astonished after reading this about your health condition? Well, there is a lot more to study about it. Let us explore its types first.
Types of Bipolar Disorder
- Bipolar 1
Bipolar 1 is a type of Disorder that is characterized by manic episodes either with or without any symptoms of depression. In this type, the manic episodes last a week or longer. Your mania period can sometimes be so bad that you even need to be hospitalized to alleviate the symptoms.
- Bipolar 2
Bipolar 2 is a type of Disorder that is characterized by having both depressive and manic episodes. The mania a person experienced in this type is less severe than the mania experienced in bipolar 1. With bipolar 2, a person may experience major depressive episodes either after or before they have had a manic break.
- Cyclothymic Disorder
In cyclothymic Disorder, a person may experience both depressive and manic episodes for two years and more. The depression and mania in this type of Disorder are usually less severe than the above two types. This Disorder causes unstable moods.
- Other types
With the other types of bipolar disorders, you may experience symptoms that do not fit into the other three types. This may be caused due to factors in your life that can include alcohol, drugs, or any other underlying medical condition.
Bipolar Disorder Symptoms
In the case of women, the symptoms include:
- Milder episodes of mania
- Have rapid cycling that may have four or more episodes of depression and mania
- Have a higher lifetime risk of alcohol use disorder
- Experience some other health conditions simultaneously, including obesity, thyroid, anxiety, and migraines.
In the case of men, the symptoms include:
- Experience more severe episodes
- Act out during manic episodes
- Have substance abuse issues
In the case of children, the symptoms are entirely different. This includes:
- Manic symptoms in children
- Talking fast
- Rapidly changing subjects
- Feeling over happy
- Acting silly
- Performing risky things
- Having trouble concentrating
- Having trouble sleeping
- Having a short temper
- Depressive symptoms in children
- Acting very sad
- Having little energy for normal activities
- Eating too much or too little
- Experiencing the feelings of guilt or worthlessness
- Complaining about frequent headaches and not feeling well.
- Sleeping too little or too much
- Thinking about death
What are the possible causes of Bipolar Disorder?
The possible causes of this common mental health disorder include:
If the individual’s sibling or parent has the Disorder, the person is more likely to get diagnosed with the health condition.
- The Brain
The brain structure may impact the risk for the disease. The abnormalities in functions and structure of the brain may increase the risk.
- Environmental factors
There is nothing like what is in your body is the reason why you have developed a health condition. The other factors can also affect health and develop symptoms. The other factors may include:
- Traumatic experiences
- Extreme stress
- Physical illness
The factors mentioned above may influence those who develop the Disorder. It is more likely the combination of several factors that contributes to the development of the disease.
Bipolar disorder diagnosis
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